“For 85 years antibiotics have been solving the problem of infectious disease in a way that’s really unique in human history. And people assume those antibiotics are always going to be there. And unfortunately, they’re wrong.” McKenna
The 2013 report called Antibiotics Resistance Threats in the United States outlines some scary facts. However, it’s important, especially for parents, to be aware of these facts and to know how to use this information.
As Dr.Tom Frieden, director of Centers for Disease Control and Prevention stated: “Antimicrobial resistance is one of our most serious health threats. Infections from resistant bacteria are now too common, and some pathogens have even become resistant to multiple types or classes of antibiotics (antimicrobials used to treat bacterial infections). The loss of effective antibiotics will undermine our ability to fight infectious diseases and manage the infectious complications common in vulnerable patients undergoing chemotherapy for cancer, dialysis for renal failure, and surgery, especially organ transplantation, for which the ability to treat secondary infections is crucial. When first-line and then second-line antibiotic treatment options are limited by resistance or are unavailable, healthcare providers are forced to use antibiotics that may be more toxic to the patient and frequently more expensive and less effective. Even when alternative treatments exist, research has shown that patients with resistant infections are often much more likely to die, and survivors have significantly longer hospital stays, delayed recuperation, and long-term disability. Efforts to prevent such threats build on the foundation of proven public health strategies: immunization, infection control, protecting the food supply, antibiotic stewardship, and reducing person-to-person spread through screening, treatment and education.”
- Based on currently available data, it’s estimated that more than two million people are annually sickened with antibiotic-resistant infections in the United States alone. At least 23,000 people die as a result of such infections;
- About 250,000 people each year require hospital care for Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) infections. In most of these infections, the use of antibiotics was a major contributing factor leading to the illness. At least 14,000 people die each year from this infection.
- Antibiotics are the most common cause of emergency visit responsible for adverse drug events in children under 18 years of age.
- 1 out of 5 emergency visit for adverse drug events are due to antibiotics.
- Urgent treats include the following bacterial strains:– Clostridium difficile– Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE)– Drug-resistant Neisseria gonorrhoeae
- Serious treats include:– Multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter
– Drug-resistant Campylobacter– Fluconazole-resistant Candida (a fungus)– Extended spectrum β-lactamase producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBLs)– Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus (VRE)– Multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa– Drug-resistant Non-typhoidal Salmonella– Drug-resistant Salmonella Typhi– Drug-resistant Shigella– Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)– Drug-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae– Drug-resistant tuberculosis
- Concerning treats include:– Vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (VRSA)– Erythromycin-resistant Group A Streptococcus– Clindamycin-resistant Group B Streptococcus